Post Abortion Healing



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Pregnancy Helpline
21 South Jackson St. Suite C
Janesville, WI 53548
608-755-9739
onlinehelp@pregnancy-helpline.net

Frequently Asked Questions 

A sexually transmitted disease is a disease that is contracted through sexual exposure. It is possible that if you have been sexually active at all, you could be at risk of having an STD. Below is more information about these diseases.

How Long Have STD’s Been Around?

Before 1980 the most common STD’s were syphilis and gonorrhea. Since 1980 there are at least 25 new STDs that have been identified, including HIV/AIDS. (see *1 below for for source)

How Many People Are Infected With An STD?

  • In the United States it is estimated that there are more than 68 million current STDs
  • Each year, 15.3 million new STD infections occur, including over 3 million infections in teens (*2)
  • The two most common STDs, herpes and human papilloma virus (HPV) account for 65 of the 68 million current infections
  • It is estimated that 20% of all Americans age 12 and older are infected with genital herpes (*3)

Are Teens More At Risk For STDs?

  • Teen girls have a higher rate of chlamydia
  • At least 10% of all sexually active teens are infected with this pelvic inflammatory disease (*4)
  • Among women, gonorrhea rates are highest among teen girls ages 15-19
  • The risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is as much as 10 times greater for 15-year-old females than for 24-year-old females. PID can cause sterility (inability to get pregnant) (*5)

What is HPV?

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is an STD that causes genital warts. HPV also causes more than 90% of all cervical cancer. (*6) Cervical Cancer takes the lives of about 5,000 American women yearly, and condoms provide almost no protection against HPV. It is estimated 5.5 million new infections occur each year with at least 20 million people currently infected. (*7)

What Age Group Is At Greatest Risk for Acquiring an STD? 

  • Adolescents and young adults (15-24) are the age groups with the greatest risk for acquiring an STD. Approximately 2/3 of all people who get an STD are under 25. (*8) The Center for Disease Control states that adolescents and young adults are at greater risk for many reason, including:
  • They may have less immunity (ability to fight a disease) than adults
  • They may be more likely to have more than one sexual partner
  • They may be more likely to engage in unprotected intercourse
  • They may select partners at higher risk
  • Age at start of sexual activity has decreased while age at first marriage has increased, resulting in more sexual intercourse outside of marriage.

What About HIV/AIDS? Am I at Risk?

  • Yes, you are at risk.
  • An estimated 25% of new HIV infections are found in people under the age of 22.
  • An estimated 50% of all new HIV infections occur among people under 25, with the majority being infected by sexual contact with a person carrying the disease. (*9)

Will Condoms Prevent STD Infections?

Condoms provide some (though not complete) protection against HIV and gonorrhea. They are less effective protecting against trichomonas and chlamydia. Condoms provide no protection against bacterial vaginosis, HPV (the most common STD) or herpes. Remember, many women still get pregnant when their partner uses a condom. STD viruses are many times smaller than sperm so even with condom use, you are at risk for STDs.

Can STDs Be Cured?

While medical science has made great advances, the growth of STD infections continue to spread. Chlamydia and gonorrhea can be “cured” with antibiotics, but can leave scars, which often require future treatment and may cause infertility. And certain strains of gonorrhea are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics.

Viral STDs pose a major problem, because no medical cure has been found for any virus – not even the common cold! This means if a person becomes infected with a viral STD (such as herpes, HPV or HIV) there is no cure. A vaccine for herpes has been rumored for years, but has not yet been produced. Antiviral drugs reduce the number of outbreaks a person with herpes experiences, but they cannot eliminate the outbreaks entirely. (*10)

 

  *1 Source: Eng TR, Butler WT, eds. The Hidden Epidemic-Confronting Sexually Transmitted Disease, Institute of Medicine, Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press 1997

*2 Source: American Social Health Association. Sexually Transmitted Disease in America: How Many Cases and at What Cost? Menlo Park, Calif: Kaiser Family Foundation, 1998

*3 Source: Fleming D, et al. Herpes Simples Virus Type 2 in the United States, 1976-1994. N Engl J Med. 1197;337(16):1105-1111  

*4 Source: Division of STD Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 1999. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), September 2000  

*5 Source: Westrom L Incidence, Prevalence and Trends of Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and Its Consequences in Industrialized Countries. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1980, 138, 880-92  

*6 Source: National Institutes of Health (April 1-3, 1996). Cervical Cancer: NIH Consensus Development Statement, Online, 43(1), 1-30.  

*7 Source: American Social Health Association. (1998, December) Sexually Transmitted Disease in America: How Many Cases and at What Cost? Menlo Park, Calif: Kaiser Family Foundation.

  *8 Source: Division of STD Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 1999. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta: Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), September 2000
Eng TR, Butler WT, eds. The Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1997

*9 Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV Prevention Strategic Plan Through 2005. September 2000

*10 Source: Medical Institute of Sexual Health, “Frequently Asked Questions”

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Frequently Asked Questions 

A sexually transmitted disease is a disease that is contracted through sexual exposure. It is possible that if you have been sexually active at all, you could be at risk of having an STD. Below is more information about these diseases.

How Long Have STD’s Been Around?

Before 1980 the most common STD’s were syphilis and gonorrhea. Since 1980 there are at least 25 new STDs that have been identified, including HIV/AIDS. (see *1 below for for source)

How Many People Are Infected With An STD?

  • In the United States it is estimated that there are more than 68 million current STDs
  • Each year, 15.3 million new STD infections occur, including over 3 million infections in teens (*2)
  • The two most common STDs, herpes and human papilloma virus (HPV) account for 65 of the 68 million current infections
  • It is estimated that 20% of all Americans age 12 and older are infected with genital herpes (*3)

Are Teens More At Risk For STDs?

  • Teen girls have a higher rate of chlamydia
  • At least 10% of all sexually active teens are infected with this pelvic inflammatory disease (*4)
  • Among women, gonorrhea rates are highest among teen girls ages 15-19
  • The risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is as much as 10 times greater for 15-year-old females than for 24-year-old females. PID can cause sterility (inability to get pregnant) (*5)

What is HPV?

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is an STD that causes genital warts. HPV also causes more than 90% of all cervical cancer. (*6) Cervical Cancer takes the lives of about 5,000 American women yearly, and condoms provide almost no protection against HPV. It is estimated 5.5 million new infections occur each year with at least 20 million people currently infected. (*7)

What Age Group Is At Greatest Risk for Acquiring an STD? 

  • Adolescents and young adults (15-24) are the age groups with the greatest risk for acquiring an STD. Approximately 2/3 of all people who get an STD are under 25. (*8) The Center for Disease Control states that adolescents and young adults are at greater risk for many reason, including:
  • They may have less immunity (ability to fight a disease) than adults
  • They may be more likely to have more than one sexual partner
  • They may be more likely to engage in unprotected intercourse
  • They may select partners at higher risk
  • Age at start of sexual activity has decreased while age at first marriage has increased, resulting in more sexual intercourse outside of marriage.

What About HIV/AIDS? Am I at Risk?

  • Yes, you are at risk.
  • An estimated 25% of new HIV infections are found in people under the age of 22.
  • An estimated 50% of all new HIV infections occur among people under 25, with the majority being infected by sexual contact with a person carrying the disease. (*9)

Will Condoms Prevent STD Infections?

Condoms provide some (though not complete) protection against HIV and gonorrhea. They are less effective protecting against trichomonas and chlamydia. Condoms provide no protection against bacterial vaginosis, HPV (the most common STD) or herpes. Remember, many women still get pregnant when their partner uses a condom. STD viruses are many times smaller than sperm so even with condom use, you are at risk for STDs.

Can STDs Be Cured?

While medical science has made great advances, the growth of STD infections continue to spread. Chlamydia and gonorrhea can be “cured” with antibiotics, but can leave scars, which often require future treatment and may cause infertility. And certain strains of gonorrhea are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics.

Viral STDs pose a major problem, because no medical cure has been found for any virus – not even the common cold! This means if a person becomes infected with a viral STD (such as herpes, HPV or HIV) there is no cure. A vaccine for herpes has been rumored for years, but has not yet been produced. Antiviral drugs reduce the number of outbreaks a person with herpes experiences, but they cannot eliminate the outbreaks entirely. (*10)

 

  *1 Source: Eng TR, Butler WT, eds. The Hidden Epidemic-Confronting Sexually Transmitted Disease, Institute of Medicine, Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press 1997

*2 Source: American Social Health Association. Sexually Transmitted Disease in America: How Many Cases and at What Cost? Menlo Park, Calif: Kaiser Family Foundation, 1998

*3 Source: Fleming D, et al. Herpes Simples Virus Type 2 in the United States, 1976-1994. N Engl J Med. 1197;337(16):1105-1111  

*4 Source: Division of STD Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 1999. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), September 2000  

*5 Source: Westrom L Incidence, Prevalence and Trends of Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and Its Consequences in Industrialized Countries. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1980, 138, 880-92  

*6 Source: National Institutes of Health (April 1-3, 1996). Cervical Cancer: NIH Consensus Development Statement, Online, 43(1), 1-30.  

*7 Source: American Social Health Association. (1998, December) Sexually Transmitted Disease in America: How Many Cases and at What Cost? Menlo Park, Calif: Kaiser Family Foundation.

  *8 Source: Division of STD Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 1999. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta: Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), September 2000
Eng TR, Butler WT, eds. The Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1997

*9 Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV Prevention Strategic Plan Through 2005. September 2000

*10 Source: Medical Institute of Sexual Health, “Frequently Asked Questions”



Post Abortion Healing



Contact Us

Pregnancy Helpline
21 South Jackson St. Suite C
Janesville, WI 53548
608-755-9739
onlinehelp@pregnancy-helpline.net